Understanding tropical cyclones and safety tips before, during and after

Understanding tropical cyclones

cyclone
Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclone_Pam

Tropical cyclones are low pressure systems, which means that the condition of the atmosphere in which the pressure is below average.

It is a low pressure system that form over warm tropical waters like oceans. They are like giant engines that use, warm most air as fuel. That is why they only form over warm ocean waters near the equator.

THE FIVE CATEGORIES OF A TROPICAL CYCLONE

1. In this first category there is minimal damage such as damage to some crops, trees and caravans.

2. There’s a minor house damage and some significant damages to road signs yet there is heavy damages on crops and danger in power failure. Small boats are also affected.

3. Some roofs are destroyed and structural damages are seen. Caravans are destroyed as well and there is power failure likely.

4. In the 4th category there is significant damages on roofs and on structures. Many caravans are destroyed and blown away. There is dangerous airborne debris and widespread power failures.

5. There is extremely dangerous widespread destruction.

WHAT TO DO BEFORE, DURING AND AFTER A TROPICAL CYCLONE

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Photo taken by: Felice Caroline Maureen M. Urbano

Before:

  •  Have a check and a consultation on your building control authority to ensure if your building is in a strong foundation.
  • Also, don’t forget to make sure if the roofs, walls and eaves of your home are in a good condition.
  • Trim treetops and branches near your home to avoid danger when cyclone arrives.
  • Get a tighter grip of loose materials that can be blown away when cyclone arrives.
  • Prepare an emergency kit containing: a portable battery radio, torch and spare batteries, water containers, dried or canned food and a can opener, matches, fuel lamp, portable stove, cooking gear, eating utensils and a first aid kit and manual and tape.
  • Also be alert with listening to the news and getting updated from time to time.
  • keep a list of numbers to contact with for emergency.
  • Also check on your neighbors and share this safety tips.

During:

  •  Keep listening to the radio for more updates and safety tips.
  •  Turn off all the appliances to avoid short circuit or any electrical problems.
  • Keep an eye on your emergency kit and keep it where it can be easily seen.
  • If there is certain shaking or the building starts to break up go and hide yourself somewhere like use a blanket or a mattress or stay under the table.
  • Never dare to go out or drive during a tropical cyclone.
  • Also don’t walk on flood waters.
  • Stay close to your family members and keep praying.

After:

  •  Check family members if anyone of them is wounded or needs medical care or first aid.
  • Stay indoor and don’t go outside until officially advised that it is safe.
  • Stay tuned in to the radio for updates.
  • Be careful with open wires and damaged power lines, broken buildings and bridges.
  • Save power and energy.
  • Also when cleaning and clearing in some areas, make sure to be in a safe place.
  • Wait for instructions or “go signals” before going out of your home or the building you are in.
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Photo taken by: Felice Caroline Maureen M. Urbano

Sources:

http://www.bom.gov.au/cyclone/about/tc-checklist.shtml

http://www.ses.nsw.gov.au/communitysafety/tropical-cyclones/tropical-cyclones-what-to-do-during

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