Fire in its most common form can result in conflagration, which has the potential to cause physical damage through burning. Fire is an important process that affects ecological systems around the globe. The positive effects of fire include stimulating growth and maintaining various ecological systems. The negative effects of fire include hazard to life and property, atmospheric pollution, and water contamination. If fire removes protective vegetation, heavy rainfall may lead to an increase in soil erosion by water.
Fire is a Man-Made Hazard which may occur accidentally or may be in purpose. Arson is the crime of intentionally setting fire to buildings, wildland areas, dumpsters, vehicles or other property with the intent to cause damage. It may be distinguished from other causes such as spontaneous combustion and natural wildfires. Arson often involves fires deliberately set to the property of another or to one’s own property so as to collect insurance compensation.
SAFEGUARDING YOUR SHELTER
Given that your home is likely one of your most important financial investments, as well as your family’s primary shelter during most disasters, every effort should be made to ensure that it is protected from damage.
- Minimize hazards in and around your home.
- Equip your home with safety devices.
- Adequately insure your home.
An important part of home security is being part of a community that looks out for one another. In your neighborhood, establish an “I’ll watch your back if you’ll watch mine” mentality in order to keep safe your home.
Fire Prevention Tips for Homes and Establishments
Install smoke alarms on every level of your home, inside bedrooms and outside sleeping areas.
Test smoke alarms every month. If they’re not working, change the batteries.
Talk with all family members about a fire escape plan and practice the plan twice a year.
If a fire occurs in your home, GET OUT, STAY OUT and CALL FOR HELP. Never go back inside for anything or anyone.
If a Fire Starts:
- Know how to safely operate a fire extinguisher.
- Remember to GET OUT, STAY OUT and call your local emergency phone number.
- Yell “Fire!” several times and go outside right away. If you live in a building with elevators, use the stairs. Leave all your things where they are and save yourself.
- If closed doors or handles are warm or smoke blocks your primary escape route, use your second way out. Never open doors that are warm to the touch.
- If you must escape through smoke, get low and go under the smoke to your exit. Close doors behind you.
- If smoke, heat or flames block your exit routes, stay in the room with doors closed. Place a wet towel under the door and call the fire department. Open a window and wave a brightly colored cloth or flashlight to signal for help.
- Once you are outside, go to your meeting place and then send one person to call the fire department. If you cannot get to your meeting place, follow your family emergency communication plan.
If your clothes catch on fire:
- Stop what you’re doing.
- Drop to the ground and cover your face if you can.
- Roll over and over or back and forth until the flames go out. Running will only make the fire burn faster.
THEN:Once the flames are out, cool the burned skin with water for three to five minutes. Call for medical attention.
4 Steps to Take Immediately After a Home Fire
- Give first aid where needed; cool and cover burns to reduce the chance of further injury or infection.
- Let friends and family know you’re safe.
- People and animals that are seriously injured or burned should be transported to professional medical or veterinary help immediately.
- Stay out of fire-damaged homes until local fire authorities say it is safe to re-enter.
Don’t let your future turn to ashes!
Home Fire Saftey. Retrieved (January 13, 2017) from http://www.redcross.org/get-help/prepare-for-emergencies/types-of-emergencies/fire
Bradley, A. The Disaster Preparedness Handbook: A Guide for Families (2nd Edition) Retrieved (January 13, 2017) from https://www.google.com.ph/#q=the+disaster+preparedness+handbook+a+guide+for+families+pdf
Fire. Retrieved (January 13, 2017) from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fire
Arson. Retrieved (January 13, 2017) from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arson