Safety before, during and after earthquake.

WHAT IS EARTHQUAKE?

Earthquakes are sudden rolling or shaking events caused by movement under the earth’s surface. Earthquakes happen along cracks in the earth’s surface, called fault lines, and can be felt over large areas, although they usually last less than one minute. Earthquakes cannot be predicted — although scientists are working on it.

(Photo from: Department of Homeland Security)

Earthquakes happen suddenly and no one could exactly predict when it can happen that is why when earthquakes occur, several lives are lost and properties are damaged. The only way by which people could be safe is to take precautionary measures. Even before the earthquake you should always be prepared in order to minimize problems.

Recent earthquakes remind us that we live on a restless planet. But there are many important things we can do before, during, and after an earthquake to protect ourselves, our homes, and our families.

 

What To Do Before, During, and After an Earthquake?

Before an Earthquake

It is important for individuals, families, organizations, and communities to identify their risk, make a plan, create a disaster kit, and remove, relocate, or secure anything that can:

  • Prepare for three to seven days of electricity, water, gas, and telephone outages.
  • Keep an earthquake disaster kit on hand, including a well-stocked first aid kit, a supply of medicines required for life-threatening conditions, copies of important documents, extra money, a flashlight, a hand crank or solar-powered radio, extra batteries, blankets, drinking water and nonperishable food, and tools to shut off utilities. Store the kit in a secure, waterproof location that is easily accessible.
  • Identify safe places such as under a sturdy piece of furniture or against an interior wall in your home, office or school so that when the shaking starts, you Drop to the ground, Cover your head and neck with your arms, and if a safer place is nearby, crawl to it and Hold On.
  • Practice how to “Drop, Cover, and Hold On!”

To react quickly you must practice often. You may only have seconds to protect yourself in an earthquake.

  • Before an earthquake occurs, secure items that could fall and cause injuries (e.g., bookshelves, mirrors, light fixtures).

 

 

During an Earthquake

  • DROP to the ground; take COVER by getting under a sturdy table or other piece of furniture; and HOLD ON until the shaking stops. If there isn’t a table or desk near you, cover your face and head with your arms and crouch in an inside corner of the building.

(Photo from: eartquakenewz.com)

  • Do not run out of the building during the shaking as objects may be falling off the building and cause serious injuries or death.
  • If you are in a moving vehicle, stop as quickly and safely as possible and stay in the vehicle. Avoid stopping near or under buildings, trees, overpasses, and utility wires. Proceed cautiously once the earthquake has stopped. Avoid roads, bridges, or ramps that the earthquake may have damaged.

 

After an Earthquake

  • Check every member of the family. If someone is hurt, apply first aid.
  • Shut off the main switch of the electricity.
  • Safely evacuate. Please note that aftershocks could happen. These additional shaking events can be strong enough to do additional damage to already weakened structures and can occur in the first hours, days, weeks, or even months after the main earthquake.
  • Stay away from damaged buildings.
  • Seek help if there are problems.

 

Earthquake could cause lots of damages especially if you are unprepared so it is very important to be prepared in cases of earthquake.

(Photo from: Department of Homeland Security)

 

REFERENCES:

https://geology.knoji.com/precautionary-measures-before-during-and-after-an-earthquake/

WWW.ULTIMATESURVIVALSUPPLIES.COM

https://www.fema.gov/earthquake-safety-home

 

 

 

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